NEWS: 2025, the age of myopia

According to Oscar Ramos, career director of Optometry at the Faculty of Higher Education at UNAM, at least 80 percent of the child population currently suffers from visual problems. This figure will continue to increase, and it is expected that by 2020, 90% of children will suffer from myopia, farsightedness, astigmatism or presbyopia, myopia being the condition that will have a greater presence.

7 out of 10 children will experience some form of myopia.

In the last 50 years, the number of myopic people in the world has doubled. Dr. Earl Smith, who has researched the causes and strategies in the treatment of myopia, is that by the year 2020, one-third of the world's population will have myopia; And by 2050, it will be half.

Earlier, the causes of this condition were mostly attributed to genetics and eye strain during the early stages of school. Although these causes are not yet removed from the list, today they combine and gain strength with the excessive use of technological devices and the reduction of exposure to sunlight.

With all the technological advances, the ways of living have changed, children spend more and more time playing and doing their daily activities inside a house or building, and less time outdoors in the sunlight.

"Increasingly demanding educational demand and spending more time indoors than outside are factors that we know contribute to a person becoming myopic"

Says Dr. Smith, who is also a professor at the University of Houston.

Like Smith, Oscar Ramos also comments on the belief that myopia was related to the beginnings of primary education, when children learned to read and write. However, reports that today there have been cases of children of 3 years with severe myopia.

"Using an electronic device forces the eye to focus on a particular space for a long time and, as with any other body organ, requiring too much leads to the development of vision impairments."

Unlike technological devices, the sun's rays have higher light levels, so the eye does not need to make a greater effort.

Whereas, until now, myopia has no cure or is irreversible, Dr. Smith's recommendations are to encourage children to spend less time in front of their technological devices, and to go out and play outdoors.

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